# Material Variances - Single Material - Problems involving Losses and Stocks

# Problem 1

The standard cost card shows the following details relating to the materials needed to produce 1 kg. of groundnut oil:

Quantity of groundnut = 4 kg.

Price of groundnut = 2.45 per kg

Actual production data:

Production during a week = 1,000 kg

Quantity used = 4,600 kg.

Price of groundnut = 2.75 per kg.

Calculate all possible material variances:

# Problem 2

A Ltd. has introduced Standard Costing System and has furnished the following information:

**Standard:**

Materials for 70 kg. of Finished Goods | 100kg. |

Price of materials | 1 per kg. |

**Actual:**

Output | 2,10,000 kg. |

Material used | 2,80,000 kgs |

Cost of materials | 2,52,000 |

Calculate the various variances in respect of Material Cost.

# Problem 3

Find out Material Cost Variance, Material Price Variance and Material usage variance from the following :

Material Purchased Value of Materials Purchased Standard Quantity for one unit Standard Rate of Materials Opening Stock of Materials Closing Stock of Materials Finished goods | 6000 kg. 15,000 2.5 kg. 2 per kg. 1000 kg. 2000 kg. 2,140 units. |

# Problem 4

Calculate the material variances for the following:

Opening stock | 100 kgs |

Purchased during the period | 3,000 kg. cost 6,200 |

Standard | 2 kg. per unit at 2 per kg. |

Original budget | 2,000 units |

Production | 1,600 |

Sales | 1,400 units |

Closing stock | 200 kg. |

# Problem 5

From the following you are required to calculate all possible material variances:

Quantity of material purchased : 8,000 lbs

Value of material purchased : 56,000.

Standard of quantity of material required for one unit of finished product : 34 lbs.

Standard rate of material : 6.50 per lb.

Opening stock of material : 1,010 lbs

Finished production during the period : 250 units

# Problem 6

From the following you are required to calculate material variances:

Quantity of material purchased : 3,000 units

Value of material purchased : 9,000.

Standard of quantity of material required for one Tonne of finished product : 75 units.

Standard rate of material : 2 per unit.

Opening stock of material : nil

Closing stock of material : 500 units

Finished production during the period : 80 tonnes

# Problem 7

Standards set for material consumption in the manufacture of a product was 600 kgs @ 4.50 per kg.

In a cost period:

Opening stock was 500 kg @ 4.40 per kg.

Purchases made 2,500 kg @ 5 per kg.

Consumption 750 kg.

Calculate

- Cost Variance
- Usage Variance
Price Variance, when it is calculated

- during the period of purchase
- during the period of issue on FIFO basis
- during the period of issue on LIFO basis.

- Mix Variance
- Yield Variance

What would be the effect of such valuations on closing stock valuation?.

# Problem 8

ABC (P) Ltd., uses a standard costing system, with its material stock account being maintained at standard costs. The following details have been extracted from the standard cost card in respect of direct materials.

8 kg at 8.00/kg = 64 per unit

Budgeted production in January was 1,250 units.

The following details relate to actual materials purchased and issued to production during January, when actual production was 1,200 units.

Material purchased 12,000 kg costing 1,00,800

Materials issued to production 10,000 kg.

Find the material variances to be reported.