|2.||Answer any three of the following: ||5+5|
| ||(a)|| HEAVEN & HELL Ltd. is develping a new production process. During the financial year 31st March 2010,the total expenditure on this process was Rs. 40lakhs. The production process met the criteria for recognition as an intangible asset on 1st Dcec. 2009. Expenditure incurred till this date was Rs. 16 lakhs. |
Further expenditure incurred on the process for the financial year ending 31st March 2011, was Rs. 70 lakhs. As at 31–3–2011, the recoverable amount of know–how embodied in the process is estimated to be Rs. 62 lakhs.
This includes estimates of future cash outflows as well as inflows.
You are required to work out:
| (i) || What is the expenditure to be charged to the profit and loss account for the financial year ended 31st March 2010? (Ignore depreciation for this purpose) |
| (ii) || What is the carrying amount of the intangible asset as at 31st March 2010? |
| (iii) || What is the expenditure to be charged to the profit and loss account for the financial year ended 31st March 2011? (Ignore depreciation for this purpose) |
| (iv) || What is the carrying amount of the intangible asset as at 31st March 2011? || || (0) |
| ||(b)|| LOVE & SACRIFICE LTD. gives the following estimates of cash flows relating to fixes asset on 31–12–2010.The discount is 15% |
Residual value at the end of 2015 Rs. 1000 lakhs, Fixed Asset purchased on 1–1–2008 Rs. 40,000 lakhs, Useful life 8 Years, Net selling price on 31–12–2010 Rs. 20,000 lakhs.
| Year || 2011 || 2012 || 2013 || 2014 || 2015 |
| Cash Flow (Rs. in lakhs) || 4000 || 6000 || 6000 || 8000 || 4000 |
| Present Value Factors @ 15% || 0.870 || 0.756 || 0.658 || 0.572 || 0.497 |
Calculate on 31–12–2010:
| (a) || Value in use on 31–12–2010 |
| (b) || Carrying amount at the end of 2010 |
| (c) || Recoverable amount on 31–12–2010 |
| (d) || Impairment loss to be recognized for the year ended 31–12–2010 |
| (e) || Revised carrying amount |
| (f) || Depreciation charge for 2011 || || (0) |
| ||(c)|| At the end of the financial year ending on 31st March 2011, CONSLE & CLIENT LTD. finds that there are twenty law suits outstanding which have not been settled till the date of approval of accounts by the Board of Directors.The possible outcome as estimated by the Board is as follows: |
| Probability || Loss (Rs.) |
| In respect of five cases(Win) || 100% || — |
| Next ten cases (win) || 60% || — |
|Lose (Low damages)|| 30% || 1,20,000 |
|Lose (High damages)|| 10% || 2,00,000 |
| Remaining five cases |
|Win|| 50% || — |
|Lose (Low damages)|| 30% || 1,00,000 |
|Lose (High damages)|| 20% || 2,10,000 |
Outcome of each case is to taken as a separate entity. Ascertain the amount of contingent loss and the accounting treatment in respect thereof.
| || (0) |
| ||(d)||J Ltd. purchased machinery from K Ltd. on 30.09.2010. the price was Rs. 370.44 lakhs after charging 8% Sales–tax and giving a trade discount of 2% on the quoted price. Transport charges were 0.25% on the quoted price and installation charges come to 1% on the quoted price. A loan of Rs. 300 lakhs was taken from the bank on which interest at 15% per annum was to be paid. Expenditure incurred on the trial run was Materials Rs. 35,000, Wages Rs. 25,000 and Overheads Rs. 15,000. |
Machinery was ready for use on 1.12.2010. However, it was actually put to use only on 1.5.2011. Find out the cost of the machine and suggest the accounting treatment for the expenses incurred in the interval between the dates 1.12.2020 to 1.5.2011. The entire loan amount remained unpaid on 1.5.2011.
| || (0) |
| ||(e)|| FIRE & WATER LTD. provides the following information: |
Rights issue is one new share for each five outstanding (i.e 1,00,000 new shares)
| Net profit for the year 2009–2010 || Rs. 11,00,000 |
| Net profit for the year 2010–2011 || Rs. 15,00,000 |
| No. of shares outstanding prior to rights issue || 5,00,000 shares |
| Rights issue price || Rs. 15.00 |
| Last date to exercise rights || 1st March 2011 |
Fair value of one equity share immediately prior to exercise of right on 1st March 2011 was Rs. 21.00.
Compute Basic Earnings Per Share.
| || (0) |
|3.||(a)|| On 24th January 2011 NAVEEN JOSH of Delhi sold goods to PEARSON of New York, U.S.S. for an invoice price of $ 40,000 when the spot market rate was Rs. 44.20 per US $. Payment was to be received after three months on 24th April 2011. To mitigate the risk of loss from decline in the exchange rate on the date of receipt of payment, NAVEEN JOSHI immediately acquired a forward contract to sell on 24th April 2011 US $ 40,000 @ Rs. 43.70. NAVEEN JOSHI closed his books of account on 31st March 2011 when the spot rate was Rs. 43.20 per US $. On 24th April 2011, the date of receipt of money by NAVEEN JOSHI, the spot rate was Rs. 42.70 per US $. |
Pass journal entries in the books of NAVEEN JOSHI to record the effect of all the above mentioned effects.
The following are the Balance Sheets of C Ltd. and D Ltd. as at 31st March, 2011.
|Liabilities|| C Ltd.|
| D Ltd.|
|Assets|| C Ltd.|
| D Ltd.|
| Equity Shares of Rs. |
100each fully paid
Profit and Loss A/c
| 45,00,000 |
| 15,00,000 |
| Fixed Assets |
3,000 Shares in D Ltd.
9,000 Share in C Ltd.
| 30,00,000 |
| 1,50,000 |
C Ltd. absorbs D Ltd. on the basis of the intrinsic value of the shares of both companies as on 31st March 2011. Before absorption C Ltd. has declared a dividend of 12%. Dividend tax is 10%. Show the Calculation of Purchase consideration and the working for the number of shares issued.
|10+5=15|| (0) |
| ||(b)|| SUN & MOON LTD. has its share capital divided into shares of Rs. 10 each. On 1st April 2009 it granted 10,000 employees’ stock options at Rs. 40, when the market price was Rs. 130. The options were to be exercised between 16th December 2010 and 15th March 2011. The employees exercised their options for 9,500 shares only; the remaining options lapsed. The company closes its books on 31st March every year. Show Journal Entries. || || (0) |
|4.||(a)|| Calculate the Minority Interest and Cost of Control from the following Balance Sheets of A Ltd. and B Ltd. as at 31st March 2011: |
|Liabilities|| A Ltd.|
| B Ltd.|
|Assets|| A Ltd.|
| B Ltd.|
| Share Capita: |
(Rs. 100 each)
| Investments: |
in B Ltd.
in A Ltd.
|9+6=15|| (0) |
| ||(b)|| A Ltd. Purchased 40% stake of B Ltd. for RS. 12 per share. After two years A Ltd. decided to purchase another 40% share in B Ltd. B Ltd. has 1,00,00,000 equity shares of Rs. 10 each as fully paid up shares. The purchase deal was finalised on the following terms: |
Calculate the Goodwill or Capital Reserve for A Ltd. in Consolidated Financial Statement.
| • || Purchase price per share to be calculated on the basis of average profit of last three years capitalised at 7.5%. Profits for last three years are Rs. 35 lacs, Rs. 65 lacs and Rs. 89 lacs. |
| • || Total assets of B Ltd. of Rs. 11,50,00,000. Assets to be appreciated by Rs. 40,00,000. |
| • || Of the External Creditors for Rs. 2,50,00,000 one creditor to whom Rs. 10,00,000 was due has expired and nothing is to be paid to settle this liability. |
| • || B Ltd. will declare dividend @ 15% || || (0) |
|5.||(a)|| A Ltd. acquired 25% of shares in B Ltd. as on 31.3.2010 for Rs. 3 lakhs. The Balance Sheet of B Ltd. as on 31.3.2010is given below: |
| Rs. |
| Share Capital |
Reserves and Surplus
| 5,00,000 |
During the year ended 31.3.2011 the following are additional information available:
A Ltd. is preparing Consolidated Financial Statements in accordance with AS–21 for its various subsidiaries.
| (i) || A Ltd., received dividend from B Ltd., for the year ended 31.3.2011 at 40% from the Reserves. |
| (ii) || B Ltd., made a profit after tax of Rs. 7 lakhs for the year ended 31.3.2011 |
| (iii) || B ltd., declared a dividend @ 50% for the year ended 31.3.2011 on 30.4.2011 |
| (i) || Goodwill if any on acquisition of B Ltd.’s shares. |
| (ii) || How A Ltd., will reflect the value of investment in B Ltd., in the Consolidated Financial Statements?. |
| (iii) || How the dividend received from B Ltd. will be shown in the Consolidated Financial Statements? ||9+5=16|| (0) |
| ||(b)|| A Ltd. entered into a joint venture with B Ltd. on 1 : 1 basis and a new company C Ltd. was formed for the same purpose and following are the balance sheets of all the three companies as at 31st March 2011: |
| Particulars || A Ltd || B Ltd || C Ltd |
| Share Capital|
Reserves & Surplus
Investment in JV
Prepare the Blance Sheet of A Ltd., B Ltd. and C Ltd. under proportionate consolidation method.
| || (0) |
|6.||Answer any three of the following: ||5+5|
| ||(a)|| At the begining of year 1,DONOR & BEGGER LTD. issued 20,000 Covertible Debentures with face value Rs.100 per debenture,at par.The debentures have six–year term.The interest at annual rate of 9% is paid half–yearly.The bondholders have an option to convert half of the face value of debentures into 2 ordinary shares at the end of year 3.The bondholders not excrcising the conversion option will be repaid at par to the extent of Rs.50 per debenture at the end of year3.The non–convertible portion will be repaid at 10% premium at the end of year 6.At the time of issue,the prevailing market interest rate for similar debt with out conversion option was 10%.Compute the value of Embedded Derivative. |
| Years || 1–3 || 3–6 || 1–6 || 7–12 |
| Annuity Factors @ 10% || 2.487 || 1.868 || 4.355 || 2.459 |
| Annuity Factors @ 5% || 2.723 || 2.353 || 5.076 || 3.787 |
Present Value Factors @ 10%/5% at the end of 6th year and 12th year respectively are 0.564 and 0.557.
| || (0) |
| ||(b)|| RICH & POOR LTD. issued certain callable convertible debentures at Rs.60.The value of similar debentures without call or equity conversion option is Rs.57.The value of call as determined using Black and Scholes model for option pricing is Rs.2.Determine values of liability and equity component. || || (0) |
| ||(c)|| On April 1,2010,BORROWER LTD.borrowed Rs.10 lakh at annual fixed interest rate of 7% payable half–yearly.The life of the loan is 4 years with no pre–payment permitted.The company expected the interest rate to fall and on the same day,it entered into an interest rate swap arrangement, where by the company would pay 6 month LIBOR and would receive annual fixed interest of 7% every half–year.The swap effectively converted the company’s fixed rate obligation to floating rate obligation.The follow value of swap and debt are available: |
| Value of swap|
| Value of debt|
| April 1,2010|
Six–month LIBOR on April 1,2010 was 6% and that on October 1,2011 was 8%
Show important ccounting entries in respect of the swap arrangement.
| || (0) |
| ||(d)|| As on 1st April 2010 the fair value of plan assets was Rs.1,00,000 in respect of a pension plan of BHC out benefits of Rs.19,000 and received inward contributions of Rs.49,000.On 31st March 2011 the fair value of the defined benefit obligation was Rs.1,47,920.Acturial losses on the obligations for the year 2010–11 were:|
On 1st April 2010 the company made the following estimates,based on its market studies,understanding and prevailing prices.
Interest and dividend income,after tax payable by the fund
| Realized and unrealized gains on plan assets (after tax) || 2.00 |
| Fund administrative costs || (1.00) |
| Expected Rate of Return || 10.25 |
You are required to find the expected and Actual Returns on plan Assets and Actuarial Gain/Loss for the year 2010–11.
| || (0) |
|7.||(a)|| A Ltd Leased a machinery to B Ltd on the following terms: |
Fair value of the machinery Rs.20lakhs,Lease term 5 years,Lease Rental per annum Rs.5 lakhs,Guaranteed Residual value Rs.1 lakh,Expected Residual value Rs.2 lakhs,Internal Rate of Return 15%.
Depreciation is provided on straight line method @ 10% per annum.Ascertain unearned financial income and necessary entries may be passed in the books of the Lessee in the First year.
Or, The Balance Sheet of HARD LUCK Ltd. on 31st March, 2011 is as under:
Two years’ preference dividends are in arrears.The company had bad time during the last two years and hopes for better business in future,earning profit and paying dividend provided the capital base is reduced.
|Liabilities|| Rs. ||Assets|| Rs. |
| Authorised, Issued Equity Share Capital |
20,000 Shares of Rs.100 each
10,000, 7% Preference Shares of
| Goodwill |
Plant and Machinery
Profit and Loss Account
| 2,00,000 |
| || 40,00,000 || || 40,00,000 |
An internal reconstruction scheme as follows was agreed to by all concerned.
| (i) || Creditors agreed to fore go 50% of the claim. |
| (ii) || Preference shareholders withdrew arrear dividend claim.They also agreed to lower their capital claim by 20% by reducing nominal value in consideration of (% dividend effective after reorganization in case equity shareholders’ loss exceed 50% on the application of the scheme. |
| (iii) || Bank agreed to convert overdraft into term loan to the extent required for making current ratio equal to 2:1. |
| (iv) || Revalued figure for plant and machinery was accepted as Rs.15,00,000 |
| (v) || Debtors to the extent of Rs.4,00,000 were considered good. |
| (vi) || Equity shares shall be exchanged for the same number of equity shares at a revised denomination as required after the reorganisation. |
| (a) || Total loss to be borne by the equity and preference shareholders for the reorganization; |
| (b) || Share of loss to the individual classes of shareholders; |
| (c) || New structure of share capital after reorganization; |
| (d) || Working capital of the reorganized Company. ||9+6=15|| (0) |
| ||(b)|| Prepare a Gross value Added Statement from the following Profit and Loss Account of STRONG and WEEK Ltd.Show also the reconciliation between Gross Value Added and Profit before Taxation: |
| Profit and Loss Account for the year ended 31st March 2011 |
| Sales |
Production and Opreational Expenses
Interest and Other Charges
Profit before Taxes
Provision for Taxes
Balance as per Last Balance Sheet
Surplus Carried to Balance Shteet
| 610 |
| 101 |
| 1. || Production and Operational Expenses ||(Rs. in lakhs)|
| Increase in Stock |
Consumption of Raw Materials
Consumption of Stores
Salaries, Wages, Bonus and Other Benefits
Cess and Local Taxes
Other Manufacturing Expenses
| 112 |
| 2. || Aministration expenses include inter–alia audit fees of Rs. 4.80 lakhs, salaries and commission to directors Rs. 5 lakhs and provision for doubtful debts Rs. 5.20 lakhs. |
| 3. || Interest and Other Charges: ||(Rs. in lakhs)|
| On Working Capital Loans from Bank |
On Fixed Loans from IDBI
| 8 |
| || (0) |
|8.||Answer any three of the following: ||3x5=15|| |
| ||(a)||State the criteria of Reportable Segment as per AS–17 || || (0) |
| ||(b)||Briefly describe the Role of public Accounts Committee. || || (0) |
| ||(c)||Write a short note on Enviromental Accounting. || || (0) |
| ||(d)||Write a short note on Human Resource Accounting. || || (0) |
| ||(e)||Compare the following items as per Indian AS and IFRS: |
(i) Impairment of Assets (ii) Business Combination.
| || (0) |