|Time allowed : 3 hours||Maximum marks : 100|
|Total number of questions : 7||Total number of printed pages : 7|
|Note:||1.||Answer FIVE questions including Question No.1 which is compulsory. All working notes should be shown distinctly.|
|2.||Tables showing the present value of Re.1 and the present value of an annuity of Re.1 for 15 years are annexed.|
|1.||Comment on any four of the following :|
|(i)||Dividend policy is strictly a financing decision and payment of cash dividend is a passive residual.||(0)|
|(ii)||Depository system functions very much like banking system.||(0)|
|(iii)||Accounting profit does not take into account all costs of capital invested in business.||(0)|
|(iv)||The mark–to–market process is lengthy for index futures.||(0)|
|(v)||Financial gearing is a fair weather friend.||(0)|
(5 marks each)
|2.||(a)|| Following figures relate to Twinkle Ltd. : |
The company sells its product on gross profit margin of 25% assuming depreciation as a part of cost of production. It keeps 2 months’ stock of finished goods and one month’s stock of raw materials as inventory. It keeps cash balance of Rs.1,25,000. Assume a safety margin of 5%.
Work out working capital requirements of the company on cash cost basis. Ignore work–in–process.
|(b)||Gel Corporation presently gives credit terms of ‘net 30 days’. It has Rs.600 lakh in credit sales and its average collection period is 45 days. To stimulate sales, the company may give credit terms of ‘net 60 days’ with sales expected to increase by 15%. After the change, the average collection period is expected to be 75 days with no difference in payment habits between old and new customers. Variable costs are Re.0.80 for every Re.1 of sales; and the company’s before tax required rate of return on investment in receivables is 20%. Assume 360 days in a year. Should the company extend its credit period ?||(0)|
|3.||(a)|| Sushmita Ltd. produces an electronic component with a selling price of Rs.100. Fixed cost amounts to Rs.2 lakh. 5,000 Units are produced and sold each year. Annual profits amount to Rs.50,000. The company’s all equity–financed assets are Rs.5 lakh. |
The company proposes to change its production process, adding Rs.4,00,000 to investment and Rs.50,000 to fixed operational costs. The consequences of such a proposal are ––
Assuming an average cost of capital at 10%, examine the proposal and advise whether the company should make the change. Also, measure the degree of operating leverage and break-even point.
|(b)|| You are given following information of Alpha Ltd. for the year ended 31st March, 2010 : |
On the basis of above information, you are required to calculate and interpret operating, financial and combined leverages.
|(c)||Security–A offers an expected rate of return of 14% with a standard deviation of 8%. Security–B offers an expected rate of return of 11% with a standard deviation of 6%. If an investor wishes to construct a portfolio with a 12.8% expected return, what percentage of the portfolio will consist of Security–A ?||(0)|
|4.||Distinguish between any four of the following :|
|(i)||‘Financial distress’ and ‘insolvency’.||(0)|
|(ii)||‘Leasing’ and ‘hire–purchase’.||(0)|
|(iii)||‘Financial viability of a project’ and ‘commercial viability of a project’.||(0)|
|(iv)||‘Clearing mechanism’ and ‘settlement mechanism’.||(0)|
|(v)||‘Return on capital employed’ and ‘return on net worth’.||(0)|
(5 marks each)
|5.||India Inc.’s dependence on banks for funding appears to be showing decline. With the Reserve Bank of India blocking sub–benchmark prime lending rate route for cheap financing from banks, corporates are looking at non–bank alternatives. |
Under the earlier below prime lending rate (BPLR) regime, while large corporates could borrow at low interest rates from banks, the small and medium enterprises (SMEs) and retail borrowers ended up paying high interest rates. The new lending regime is aimed at enhancing transparency in lending rates of banks.
Highly rated corporates are replacing their earlier short-term sub–BPLR loans, by taking recourse to the debt market to keep a lid on borrowing costs and have been able to raise resources around the base rate of banks. However, corporates may not be able to supplant bank finance with funds from the debt capital market. Funding could dry up from debt markets in case of a liquidity crisis in the financial system.
Although, a bit costly as compared to the debt markets, banks are a steady source of funds for corporates. A bank is unlikely to jeopardize its long–standing relationship with a corporate by choking off funds during a liquidity crisis.
Answer the following questions :
|6.||(a)|| Sushant Ltd. has the following capital structure : |
Equity shares of the company are sold at Rs.25 per share in the market. It is expected that the company will pay next year a dividend of Rs.4 per share which will grow at 8% forever. Assume a tax-rate of 30%.
|(b)|| A company is considering three methods of attracting customers to expand its business by undertaking – (A) advertising campaign; (B) display of neon signs; and (C) direct delivery service. The initial outlay for each alternative is as under : |
If A is carried out, but not B, it has an NPV of Rs.1,25,000. If B is done, but not A, B has an NPV of Rs.45,000. However, if both are done, then NPV is Rs.2,00,000. The NPV of the delivery system C is Rs.90,000. Its NPV is not dependent on whether A or B is adopted and the NPV of A or B does not depend on whether C is adopted.
|7.||Write notes on any four of the following :|
|(i)||Secured premium note||(0)|
|(ii)||Important motives to hold cash||(0)|
|(iii)||Domestic resource cost||(0)|
|(iv)||Purchasing power parity||(0)|
(5 marks each)