|11.|| The Chief Financial Officer of Agra Oil Company has produced the following summary forecast profit statement and balance sheet of the company for the next twelve months. |
| || Rs. (lakhs) || Rs. (lakhs) |
| Summary Profit Forecast|
(200,000 tins of all of 15 litres
each @ Rs. 40 per litre
Less: Variable costs
Fixed costs (including depm)
Summary Balance Sheet
Investment in fixed assets
Investment in working capital:
| Less: Creditors|
| 60|| 244|
| Profit as return on investment = 8.6% |
The directors are worried over the forecast low return on investment specially as a lot of the investment in fixed assets will remain under–utilised. A detailed study shows that selling prices cannot be increased nor the costs be reduced. So, there is a dire need to increase the sales volume.
Currently all sales are on credit and the company operates a very strict credit control procedure which has virtually eliminated bad debts. Because of this a number of potential customers have had to be refused and some existing customers have taken their business elsewhere. The suggestion has been made that a relaxation of the credit control policy could increase sales substantially, specially, if the company were to introduce a scheme whereby a 2% discount (at present no discount is given) were given on accounts paid within ten days and if the company were willing to accept 'riskier' customers, the sale would increase by 40%. Probability 65% of the customers would avail themselves of the cash discount and the average collection period of the remainder would be half of what it is at present. Bad debts would be of the order of 2% to 6% on total sales.
Comment on whether the credit control policy should be relaxed as suggested. Ignore taxation. State your assumptions, if any.
|16|| (0) |
|12.||(a)|| An Indian importer has to settle a bill for $ 135,000. |
The exporter has given the Indian Company two options:
| (i) || Pay immediately without any interest charge. |
| (ii) || Pay after 3 months, with interest 6% p.a. |
| The importer’s bank charges 16% p.a. on overdrafts. |
| If the exchange rates are as follows, what should the company do? |
| Spot (Rs/$) || : 48.35/48.36 |
| 3 – month (Rs/$) || : 48.81/48.83 |
Give reasons for your advice.
|8|| (0) |
| ||(b)|| An American multinational corporation has subsidies whose cash positions for the month of September, 2002 are given below: |
| Swiss subsidiary || : || Cash surplus of SF 1,50,00,000 |
| Canadian subsidiary || : || Cash deficit of Can $ 2,50,00,000 |
| UK subsidiary || : || Cash deficit of 30,00,000 (UK pound) |
What are the cash requirements, if:
| (i) || Decentralised cash management is adopted? |
| (ii) || Centralised cash management is adopted? |
| (Exchange rate : SF 1,48/$. Can $ 1,58/$, $ 1.57/£) ||8|| (0) |
|13.|| The following are the balance sheets of Tamilnadu Industrial Corporation Ltd: |
| Balance Sheet (figures in Rs.) |
| Previous Year || Current Year |
| Current Assets: |
Cash and Bank
| Paid–up Capital|
Profit and Loss Account
| Current Liabilities: |
Provision for Taxation
During the current year ended 31st March, a dividend of Rs. 19,500 was paid and the assets of another company were purchased for Rs. 37,500 payable in fully paid–up shares. Such assets purchased were:
Stock – Rs. 16,230; Machinery – Rs. 13,770 and Goodwill – Rs. 7,500
In addition, plant at a cost of Rs. 4,237 was purchased during the year.
The following depreciation was written off during the year: on Property – Rs. 3,187 and on Machinery – Rs. 8,070.
Income–tax during the year amounting to Rs. 21,578 was changed to provision for taxation. Net profit for the year before tax was Rs. 57,225.
(a) Prepare statement of changes in financial position on total resources basis, and
(b) Prepare a schedule of changes in the working capital.
|12+4|| (0) |
|14.||(a)||A company is faced with the problem of choosing between two mutually exclusive projects. Project A requires a cash outlay of Rs. 1,00,000 and cash running expenses of Rs. 35,000 per year. On the other hand, Project B will cost Rs. 1,50,000 and require cash running expenses of Rs. 20,000 per year. Both the machines have a eight–year life. Project A has a salvage value of Rs. 4,000 and Project B has a salvage value of /rs. 14,000. The company’s tax rate is 50% and it has a 10% required rate of return. |
Assuming depreciation on straight line basis, ascertain which project should be accepted. Present value of an annuity of Re. 1 for 8 years = 5.335 and present value of Re. 1 at the end of 8 years = 0.467, both at the discount rate of 10%.
|6+10=16|| (0) |
| ||(b)|| The present capital structure of a company is as follows: |
| Rs. (million) |
| Equity Shares (Face value = Rs. 10) |
11% Preference Shares (Face value = Rs. 10)
14% Term Loans
Additionally the following information are available:
Company’s equity bata — 1.06
Yield on long–term treasury bonds — 10%
Stock market risk premium — 6%
Current ex–dividend equity share price — Rs. 15
Current ex–dividend preference share price — Rs. 12
Current ex–interest debenture market value — Rs. 102.50 per Rs. 100
Corporate tax rate — 40%
The debentures are redeemable after 3 years and interest is paid annually. Ignoring flotation costs, calculate the company’s weighted average cost of capital (WACC).
| || (0) |
|15.||(a)||Discuss the relative merits of Rights issue and New Public issue as sources of equity finance for an established company. ||4+(3x4)|| (0) |
| ||(b)||Write short notes on any three of the following topics:|| || |
| || ||(i)||Operating and cash cycles; || || (0) |
| || ||(ii)||Trading on equity; || || (0) |
| || ||(iii)||Sensitivity analysis in capital budgeting; || || (0) |
| || ||(iv)||Factoring and its advantages. || || (0) |
|16.||(a)||Enumerate the basic differences between a forward contract and futures contract. ||4|| (0) |
| ||(b)||Briefly explain the major types of currency exposures. ||4|| (0) |
| ||(c)||Explain the difference between degree of financial and total leverages. ||4|| (0) |
| ||(d)|| Your bank wants to calculate Rupee. TT selling rate of exchange for DM since a deposit of DM 100,000 in a FNCR A/c has matured, when: |
| EURO 1 || = || DM 1,95583 (locked in rate) |
| EURO 1 || = || US $ 1.02348/43 |
| US % 1 || = || Rs. 48.51/53 |
What is the Rupee TT selling rate for DM currency?
|4|| (0) |
|17.|| The issued capital of Indiana Ltd.comprises of 100,000 ordinary shares of Rs. 100 each. It has no fixed interest capital. It has paid a dividend of Rs. 30 per share consistently over years and each share has a current market value of Rs. 270 cum dividend. The next dividend is due to be paid shortly. Earnings have been running at about the same level as dividends. |
The directors are now considering a new investment proposal, requiring an outlay of Rs. 20,00,000, which is expected to yield a net cash inflow of Rs. 4,00,000 p.a. indefinitely. All additional net cash receipts could be used to increase dividend payments. Three sources of finance for the new project are under consideration:
| (a) || A reduction in the current dividend. |
| (b) || A rights issue of one new share for every ten shares held, at Rs. 200 per share;and |
| (c) || A new public issue of ordinary shares. |
Assume that the broad details of the directors' plan become known in the stock market (but were not known when the share price was Rs. 270).
Estimate the new price per share:
| (a) || If the current dividend is reduced; and |
| (b) || If the rights issue are made |
Calculate the price per share required in a new public issue if the entire surplus generated by the new project is to accrue to the existing shareholders.
|6+6+4|| (0) |