Types/Kinds of Accounts :: Personal, Real, Nominal :: Problems & Solutions

Problem : 1

Which two elements/accounts are effected by the following transactions? Also state the nature/kind/type of the elements
  1. Started business with capital 75,000
  2. Bought furniture 10,000
  3. Bought goods for cash 20,000
  4. Bought goods from Ram on Credit 10,000
  5. Sold goods for cash 15,000
  6. Sold goods to Shyam on credit 5,000
  7. Returned goods to Ram 1,000
  8. Goods Returned from Shyam 500
  9. Goods taken by Proprietor for his personal use 1,000

Solution »

  1. Capital a/c

    Person

    Personal a/c
    Cash a/c

    Tangible aspect/Asset

    Real a/c
  2. Furniture a/c

    Tangible aspect/Asset

    Real a/c
    Cash a/c

    Tangible aspect/Asset

    Real a/c
  3. Goods a/c

    Tangible aspect/Asset

    Real a/c
    Cash a/c

    Tangible aspect/Asset

    Real a/c
  4. Goods a/c

    Tangible aspect/Asset

    Real a/c
    Ram a/c

    Person

    Personal a/c
  5. Cash a/c

    Tangible aspect/Asset

    Real a/c
    Goods a/c

    Tangible aspect/Asset

    Real a/c
  6. Goods a/c

    Tangible aspect/Asset

    Real a/c
    Shyam a/c

    Person

    Personal a/c
  7. Goods a/c

    Tangible aspect/Asset

    Real a/c
    Ram a/c

    Person

    Personal a/c
  8. Goods a/c

    Tangible aspect/Asset

    Real a/c
    Shyam a/c

    Person

    Personal a/c
  9. Goods a/c

    Tangible aspect/Asset

    Real a/c
    Drawings a/c

    Person

    Personal a/c

Problem : 2

Name the two elements/accounts effected by the following transactions. Also state the nature/kind/type of the elements
  1. Paid cash to Ram 5,000
  2. Received cash from Shyam 3,000
  3. Wages Paid 750
  4. Rent Received 2,000
  5. Cash taken by proprietor for his personal use 2,500
  6. Purchased stationery 300
  7. Received interest 800

Solution

  1. Ram a/c

    Person

    Personal a/c
    Cash a/c

    Tangible aspect/Asset

    Real a/c
  2. Ram a/c

    Person

    Personal a/c
    Cash a/c

    Tangible aspect/Asset

    Real a/c
  3. Cash a/c

    Tangible aspect/Asset

    Real a/c
    Shyam a/c

    Person

    Personal a/c
  4. Wages a/c

    Expense

    Nominal a/c
    Cash a/c

    Tangible aspect/Asset

    Real a/c
  5. Cash a/c

    Tangible aspect/Asset

    Real a/c
    Rent Received a/c

    Income

    Nominal a/c
  6. Cash a/c

    Tangible aspect/Asset

    Real a/c
    Drawings a/c

    Person

    Personal a/c
  7. Cash a/c

    Tangible aspect/Asset

    Real a/c
    Stationery a/c

    Expense

    Nominal a/c
  8. Cash a/c

    Tangible aspect/Asset

    Real a/c
    Interest Received a/c

    Income

    Nominal a/c
To avoid ambiguity regarding what information the account head provides, it is always appropriate to use additional words to specify the nature of information.

Note such usage in case of the following above

  • Rent may indicate either rent received or rent paid
  • Interest may indicate either interest received or interest paid
Where we do not specify by using a suffix, we assume that account head to represent an expenditure. This is just a convention and not a rule.
  • Wages, since not specified is treated as an expenditure.

Problem : 3

What are the two elements/accounts effected by the following transactions. Also state the nature/kind/type of the elements
  1. Paid Cash into Bank 25,000
  2. Withdrawn from bank 5,000
  3. Paid to Ram by Cheque 3,500
  4. Received a cheque from Shyam 2,700
  5. Purchased Machinery and paid by cheque 12,000
  6. Salary paid by cheque 4,500
  7. Commission received by Cheque 7,200
  8. Withdrawn from bank for office use 5,000
  9. Withdrawn from bank for personal use 3,000
  10. Advertisement expenses paid by cheque 5,000

Solution »

  1. Bank a/c

    Organisation

    Personal a/c
    Cash a/c

    Tangible aspect/Asset

    Real a/c
  2. Cash a/c

    Tangible aspect/Asset

    Real a/c
    Bank a/c

    Organisation

    Personal a/c
  3. Bank a/c

    Organisation

    Personal a/c
    Ram a/c

    Person

    Personal a/c
  4. Bank a/c

    Organisation

    Personal a/c
    Shyam a/c

    Person

    Personal a/c
  5. Machinery a/c

    Tangible aspect/Asset

    Real a/c
    Bank a/c

    Organisation

    Personal a/c
  6. Bank

    Organisation

    Personal a/c
    Salary a/c

    Expense

    Nominal a/c
  7. Bank a/c

    Organisation

    Personal a/c
    Commission Received a/c

    Income

    Nominal a/c
  8. Bank a/c

    Organisation

    Personal a/c
    Cash a/c

    Tangible aspect/Asset

    Real a/c
  9. Drawings a/c

    Person

    Personal a/c
    Bank a/c

    Organisation

    Personal a/c
  10. Bank a/c

    Organisation

    Personal a/c
    Advertisement a/c

    Expense

    Nominal a/c
To avoid ambiguity regarding what information the account head provides, it is always appropriate to use additional words to specify the nature of information.

Note such usage in case of the following above

  • Commission may indicate either commission received or commission paid
Where we do not specify by using a suffix, we assume that account head to represent an expenditure. This is just a convention and not a rule.
  • Advertisement, since not specified is treated as an expenditure.